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22/122020
types of horse hay

Hay is made from grass, legumes or cereal crops that have been mowed, cured and baled. Both forage and turf types of annual ryegrass are available. Color is an indicator of quality and nutrient content; good hay is a bright green. If hay is below 10 percent crude protein, it may not meet protein requirements for a horse if hay is the only feed provided in the diet. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. types of hay is the cornerstone of most horse feeding programs. in the grass hay. It's low sugar, so perfect for lamintic horses. And of course, the amount of starchy sugars can vary within a type of hay, due to weather, time of day, etc. A horse’s protein and energy requirements depend on age, stage of development, metabolism and workload. Horse owners with more pleasure horses—they might have a higher percentage of grass: 70% grass, 30% alfalfa.” Smith noted that grass is more fibrous: “It tends to make more air circulation in the swath so the hay is more ‘fluffy.’ With better air circulation, there’s better curing or drying of the hay. The equine digestive system is designed to extract nutrients from grass. are usually bought for horse hay. Mouldy hay can also cause colic, a digestive disorder that can be fatal to horses. Haylage is a popular and suitable forage for stabled horses, with 45% of UK owners (King, 2012) choosing haylage in preference to hay. After a physical exam, any symptoms and their history, as well as details about your horse’s environment and feed, can help your veterinarian begin to narrow down a diagnosis, though more tests are often needed. Hay before a horse exercises creates a floating barricade in your horse’s stomach, separating the mucous covered lower part from the bare upper part of the stomach. If the horse is truly insulin resistant/glucose intolerant there is no one "type" of hay guaranteed not to trigger a bout of laminitis. How to choose the right Hay: We carry 3 different basic types of hay: Grass, Legume and Grain. Can someone explain to me the difference between the different types of horse hay. However, a vast array of hays are commonly fed to horses in the United States, including timothy, orchard, alfalfa, coastal, oat, fescue, clover and rye, to name just a few. The Kentucky Extension also states that horses are likely to waste considerably more fescue hay than other types of hay. Horse hay should be bright green, leafy and fine textured, with a fresh, pleasant aroma. Hey, hay is for horses! Animals that can eat hay vary in the types of grasses suitable for consumption, the ways they consume hay, and how they digest it. The type of vegetation from which hay has been made can vary based on location, availability and preference of the horse owner. Timothy, Orchard Grass, Wheat and Rye. Seed hay is taken from pasture grown especially for hay making from grass seed, has a higher nutritional value than meadow hay, and is lighter in colour. Matching the nutrient content of hay with the requirements of the horse is important. As with hay it is the grass species it contains and the quality of the conservation process that influences the nutritional and hygienic quality of the forage. Types of Hay Explained We know the different types of hay can be confusing, from 2nd cutting Timothy hay to alfalfa hay and everywhere in between. Hay can be classified into three general types: legume, grass, and mixed. High levels of simple carbohydrate (sugars, starch) are an issue for horses with insulin resistance and can occur in virtually any type of hay. Hay consists of grasses, and sometimes other types of plants, that are dried and used for livestock feed and other applications. Therefore, it may be preferable to avoid these types of chaffs for those horses prone to laminitis or requiring a low sugar diet. For a 500kg horse, eating 1.75% of its body weight as hay (8.75kg), if you fed alfalfa, it would cost $631.45/year, while only $463.55/year if you fed a grass hay (US prices). That's a sampling. The choice between alfalfa and oat hay depends on price per unit of energy or protein and the type of horse being fed. Grass hays should be the main component in … However, a vast array of hays are commonly fed to horses in the United States, including timothy, orchard, alfalfa, coastal, oat, fescue, clover and rye, to name just a few. Let’s take a look at grass hay and the different varieties available. Types of Grass Hay for Horses. Match The Type Of Hay With The Horse. Most horse owners are familiar with only a few types of hay, depending on the part of the country in which they live. Bermuda hay is great. These include: Sorghum, Sudan, Johnsongrass and Pearl Millet. Written by the AAEP High-quality hay can be an important source of essential nutrients in your horse’s diet. Oat hay is an excellent feed for horses. Depending on the area of the country in which it is grown, oat hay can be low in protein and contain only marginal calcium, phosphorus, and carotene. I have been getting Premium Coastal hay for my horses and understand it to be very good quality for them. Most horse owners are familiar with only a few types of hay, depending on the part of the country in which they live. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. Hay provides energy from volatile fatty acids from hindgut fermentation, they are a source of calories and provide unique health benefits. Forages are plants or parts of plants eaten by livestock (cows, horses, sheep, goats, llamas), and wildlife (deer, elk, moose, rabbits). 5. More specifically, a wain is a type of horse- or oxen-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people. A bale may range in weight between 40 – 75 lbs. That is 15 to 20 lbs for a 1,000 lb horse. Some of the most important are listed in the table below. Some hay types are particularly prone to high nitrate levels and should be avoided if there are options. Changing to a legume hay suddenly can make an animal sick, or cause a ruminant animal to bloat. The demand for "quality horse hay" is strong with price fluctuations depending on availability. 75% of your horse’s diet should be roughage in the form of hay or pasture. A diagnosis of a hay allergy can be difficult, as many of the symptoms are similar to other types of allergies and diseases. Table 1. Mixed hay is usually defined as a blend of grass and legume plants, though some hay producers and horse owners may define it as a combination of several grasses. Small hay bales with an average weight of 50 lbs. In addition to the times when hay quality is low, when prices are high, some horse owners switch completely from baled hay to the alternatives, such as hay cubes, hay … These cubes are very hard, and while a horse's jaw is very strong, there is a chance of choking. There are many different types of forages. Turf types are also infected with a fungal endophyte that lives inside the plant, protecting it from insect attack, but producing a toxin reducing performance of grazing animals. Turf types are low growing and have poor yield. The type of vegetation from which hay has been made can vary based on location, availability and preference of the horse owner. Forage types and definitions. Hay is usually fed to an animal in place of allowing the animal to graze on grasses in a pasture, particularly in the winter or during times when drought or other conditions make pasture unavailable. One of the options is to feed hay. Hay is made from grass, legumes or cereal crops that have been mowed, cured and baled. Grass hays like our Timothy have a high fiber content and are low in protein and calcium. If both types of hay cost $100 per ton, then the horse owner is paying $.29 per pound of crude protein and $.53 per 100 Mcal of digestible energy in the alfalfa and $.58 per pound of crude protein and $.63 per 100 Mcal of D.E. Types of hay Seed hay. A horse should be consuming 1.5% to 2% of their body weight in fiber (hay, pasture, cubes or pellets) per day. Some people replace a portion of their horse's hay with hay cubes, and they are useful if your horse can't tolerate even a small amount of hay dust. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. Horse hay needs to be of good quality. The hay is dried, chopped and compressed, then sold by the bag. Make sure you are feeding adequate levels of hay to support a healthy digestive tract. A mature horse will eat 2 to 2.5 percent of its body weight a day, and for optimum health, nutritionists recommend that at least half of this should be roughage such as hay. Meadow hay is taken from permanent pasture and may contain a wider variety of grasses than seed hay as well as clover, herbs and wild flowers. The best thing is to have your hay sampled to see what is in each batch, and you can supplement whatever nutrients are lacking. According to the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, the most popular grass hay choices for horses are Timothy and orchard grass. At Small Pet Select, we know exactly which hay your small animal needs to stay happy and healthy. Horses need long-stem fiber to remain healthy – in a perfect situation horses will graze for approximately 18 hours per day. There are many different types and uses of horses with different levels of nutrient requirements. Small bales are easy to move manually and can be stored easily. It is one of the most common hays fed to horses. Once hay is cured and stored, the vitamins and Omega 3 levels decrease. What if the horse owner does not have good pasture? For most adult horses, a crude protein concentration of 10-14 percent DM from hay will provide maintenance protein requirements when the hay is fed at 1.5-2 percent of the horse’s body weight. The horse hay market has been a stable market for many farmers for a number of years. Often, horses can live productive lives on diets of forage alone, but optimizing the types and amounts of hay fed will enhance a horse’s well being and productivity and can be economical as well. Alfalfa Hay Meadow hay. Small square bales are commonly fed to horses. They should also not be used as a complete hay replacement. Changing from grass hay to alfalfa all at once can change the environment in the rumen of cattle, sheep and goats and in the cecum of a horse (because of the shift in pH—the acid/base balance). Let’s take a look at grass hay and the different varieties available. The 1996 Ontario Horse Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $100 million is consumed by horses in Ontario annually. Good quality hay can meet or exceed protein needs. Musty hay or other indications of mold or heating, and dust, weeds and other foreign material in hay can be unhealthy for an animal. In addition, most horses do not need the high plane of nutrition that legumes offer. 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