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washingtonia filifera hardiness

It can survive brief temperatures of −10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as −12 °C (10 °F). Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone. Washingtonia filifera grows to 18 m (59 ft) in height (occasionally to 25 m (82 ft)) in ideal conditions.The California fan palm is also known as the desert fan palm, American cotton palm, and Arizona fan palm. The fan palm's trunk is heavily resistant to burning. var. Le “filibusta type filifera” provient ainsi d’une femelle filifera pollinisé par un mâle robusta et vice versa. A cross between two species of palms, Washingtonia filifera and Washingtonia robusta, the “filibusta” is thought by many in the landscape industry to be a superior hybrid. Pronounciation: Wash-ing-TOE-nee-a fil-i-FER-a. Watch out for Specific pests. Fast growing to 60 feet tall. Description du palmier de Californie. Washingtonia filifera is shorter, has a thicker trunk, and is better suited for planting in dry urban landscapes, such as in Texas. Washington palm is hardy down to about 20º F. but foliage will be damaged at that temperature. Awards . Details W. filifera is a tree-like palm with a stout trunk to 20m, and arching, narrow-lobed, fan-shaped leaves 2-3m in length; flowers creamy-white, in large panicles Plant range S. California, W. Arizona, Mexico Characteristics . Hardiness zones Family: Arecaceae. These two species may also hybridize. Native to:Californian, Arizona, Nevada, Baja California in Mexico. Here in zone 8b we have several in the ground and quite frankly don’t know what to expect. The two species can also hybridise. Washingtonia palms can be kept small in a pot or can be grown in the ground where the Washingtonia Robusta can reach up to 100 feet in height! A Washingtonia filifera in Capital Park is registered as a California Big Tree. Washingtonia filifera An attractive upright growing palm that sways easily in the wind as the gray-ringed trunk is at maximum twelve inches thick; this palm sways easily in the wind. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[29][30]. Get Your Washingtonia from Palmco . We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. They are followed by great quantities of black, pea-sized fruits. California Fan palm trees are fast growers and drought and salt resistant. Erect and requires ample growing space. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Salt tolerant it is great for coastal gardens.Hardy down to -5/6 degrees it prefers a sheltered spot. 6-7). Find help & information on Washingtonia × filibusta Washington palm from the RHS Search. It has a sturdy, columnar trunk and waxy, fan-shaped (palmate) leaves. Habit: Solitary. Compared with W. filifera, W. robusta is usually taller but with a less massive trunk. They are cold hardy to ar… It can survive brief temperatures of −10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as −12 °C (10 °F). Pronounciation: Wash-ing-TOE-nee-a fil-i-FER-a. The massive gray trunk is barrel shaped and ringed with old leaf scars, and may reach over 3 ft (0.9 m) in diameter at its widest point. These are large, fast growing palmate palms with huge light green fan fronds. Washingtonia filibusta Oregon High Desert (W. filifera x W. robusta) Oregon Hardy Fan Palm One of a kind EXCLUSIVE seeds sourced directly from our high desert fan palms growing in central Oregon! 6-7). Desert fan palms provide habitat for the giant palm-boring beetle, western yellow bat, hooded oriole, and many other bird species. Washingtonia filifera Palmier jupon. Hardiness zone; Graines de palmier à jupon, palmier de Californie (Washingtonia filifera) 3 graines par sachet. Washingtonia filifera Truth or Consequences aka Truth of Consequences Washington Palm. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. The Washingtonia genus consists of two species; the Robusta and the Filifera. Hybrid plants are intermediate … It does not grow well when it is over-irrigated in Florida becaus… var. As the plant matures it will become hardier, but younger plants will require protection in severe winters.Similar to the Washingtonia Robusta, it's a stunning addition to any garden at a relatively cheap cost. Width: 10 - 20 feet. Desert Fan Palm . Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm) is a medium to large evergreen palm with a tree-like growth habit. The California fan palm is also known as the desert fan palm, American cotton palm, and Arizona fan palm. California fan palm can have up to thirty gray-green palmate (fan-shaped) leaves, each 3-6 ft (0.9-1.8 m) acros… Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm, California fan palm, or California palm, is a flowering plant in the palm family native to the far southwestern United States and Baja California.Growing to 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall by 3–6 m (10–20 ft) broad, it is an evergreen monocot with a tree-like growth habit.It has a sturdy, columnar trunk and waxy, fan-shaped leaves. Note this is the default cart. Ornamental Characteristics: Washingtonia leaves have a petiole and palmmate fan leaflets up to 3 feet long. Parent trees had seed sourced from Albuquerque, NM (Zone 6b) genetically cold hardy before growing Washingtonia filifera produced 152.4 kg in 225.6 L and ca. When the fronds die, they remain attached and drop down to cloak the trunk in a wide skirt. GENERAL CARE. California Fan palm trees are Cold Hardy to around 15 degrees (lower depending on the age and growth of the cold hardy palm tree). This species is a hybrid, or crossbreed, between the robusta and the filifera. A palm of great ornamental value and an extraordinary accent plant. Lower leaves persist on the tree after they die, forming a dense, shaggy covering below the leaves. Propagation: Propagate by seeds, which will germinate within 2 months. Le Washingtonia Filifera est l'un des plus grands et plus imposants palmiers résistants au froid. I have a Washingtonia Filibusta growing outside in my Bremerton Wa. Notify me when it's back! It's a matter of luck growing Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm) in the South East of the U.S. both in the ground and in pots. Arthropod visitors at Washingtonia filifera (Wendl) Flowers. In full sun, with regular watering. USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11. Palm Shape. The Moapa band of Paiutes and other Southern Paiutes have written memories of using this palm's seed, fruit, or leaves for various purposes including starvation food. Not sure which Palms - Cycads to pick?Compare All Palms - Cycads, Buy Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads. Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH. Genus Washingtonia are large evergreen palms with stout solitary trunks bearing long-stalked, rounded leaves palmately divided into linear segments, and large, arching panicles of flowers, followed by small, berry-like black fruits Details W. filifera is a medium to large palm, with a robust trunk. * Washingtonia filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Fleurs et fruits : Inflorescences arquées jusqu’à 4 m de long en été. Subsequent burnings serve to char the trunk more, further increasing its fire resistance. Flower Color is Brown/Tan and blooms in . USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Fig. https://www.jardiner-malin.fr/fiche/palmier-washingtonia.html Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Washingtonia filifera Californian Fan Palm, Desert Fan. It will survive temperatures of 10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf … Most of these plants are shipped bare root, read about shipping methods. Les feuilles mesurent jusqu'à 1,80 mètre de longueur. Underplant... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. W. filifera appears to be resistant to the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) by a mechanism of antibiosis — production of compounds lethal to the larvae.[19][20][21]. Currently, the desert fan palm is experiencing a population and range expansion, perhaps due to global warming[22][23] or removing excess mustangs. Drought tolerant. It is one of the hardiest Coryphoideae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. Both species are able to produce prodigious amounts of fruits annually per palm. *EASY TO TRANSPLANT and re … The stems were used to make cooking utensils. An excellent urban planting for larger areas. Join now and start creating your dream garden! The genus was named in honor of George Washington. Sa couronne de feuilles, large de 4 à 5 mètres, porte de 8 à 25 palmes. Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree, Upright. The palm boring beetle Dinapate wrightii (Bostrichidae) can chew through the trunks of this and other palms. Washingtonia FiliBusta hybrid grows here without protection and is completely defoliated … Palmco has been established in the palm industry for the last 30+ years. After those layers are ignited and burnt off, the remaining surface is left heavily charred, which fortifies the trunk against future flames. Salinity Tolerance is Good to Moderate Inland. Washingtonia filifera An attractive upright growing palm that sways easily in the wind as the gray-ringed trunk is at maximum twelve inches thick; this palm sways easily in the wind. Overall this is a very popular palm that is highly valued for its cold hardiness and almost instantaneous tropical appeal upon transplantation. The shelter that the skirt creates provides a microhabitat for many small birds and invertebrates. Pétioles à fines épines. Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H. Wendl. Susceptible to Armillaria. Here are some key features of the Washingtonia Robusta vs Filifera. Pests & Disease Information. Il est surmonté de grandes feuilles palmées de couleur vert brillant. Filibusta. Leaves are fan shaped and glossy. A few winters ago we had -5 degrees and although the palm leaves had some frost damage the trees quickly produced fresh new leaves in the spring. Today's oasis environment may have been protected from colder climatic changes over the course of its evolution. Desert Palm Oasis. Propagate by seed sown at not less than 75°F (24ºC). Washingtonia filifera. They reportedly suffer and often die from root rot when irrigated. This is the palm that epitomises the Hollywood Films. The fronds are up to 4 m (13 ft) long, made up of a petiole up to 2 m (6.6 ft) long, bearing a fan of leaflets 1.5–2.0 m (4.9–6.6 ft) long. Nature Trails Press, Palm Springs, California. Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm,[4] California fan palm, or California palm,[5][6][7] is a flowering plant in the palm family (Arecaceae) native to the far southwestern United States and Baja California. [25] The Cahuilla and related tribes used the leaves to make sandals, thatch roofs, and baskets. California fan palm can grow 60 ft (18.3 m) tall with a crown spread of 15 ft (4.6 m). Le stipe de ce palmier est massif , de couleur grise et orné de fissures verticales. Create spectacular spring borders like this one. Washingtonia robusta. Barring extreme, fatal conditions, fires are even conducive to the health and propagation of fan palms. Shippable Sizes. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from November to January. It is a naturalized species in the warm springs near Death Valley and in the extreme northwest of Sonora (Mexico). They are very easy to grow, cold hardy to zone 8+ and can adapt to many soil conditions. Washingtonia filifera produced 152.4 kg in 225.6 L and ca. Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm, California fan palm or California palm, is a flowering plant in the palm family (Arecaceae), and native to the far southwestern United States and Baja California.Growing to 15-20 m (49-66 ft) tall by 3-6 m (10-20 ft) broad, it is an evergreen monocot with a tree-like growth habit. The two species can also hybridise. W. filifera typically lives from 80 to 250 years or more. These plants can ordered online and shipped directly to you or picked up at the nursery. Cold Hardy Washingtonia (washingtonia filibusta) – This palm is said to be a cross between Washingtonia Filifera and Washingtonia Robusta. It is the only palm native to the Western United States and the country's largest native palm. Hardiness zone 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. How to care. Hardy to 18°. Habit Bushy. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Ga… Cold does not bother them even if it is 20F and small 2 ft. plants survive outside all winter as long as temps do not go below 20F but too much rain will eventually kill most of them. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Fan palm oases have historically been subject to both natural and manmade fires. Washingtonia filifera is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Characteristics: Culinary Plants, Drought Tolerant Plants, Florida Native Plants, Giant Plants, North American Native Plants, Tropical Looking Plants, Xeriscaping Plants, Evergreen Perennials, Hardy … Type: Broadleaf . CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Plant Profile for Washingtonia filifera (California fan palm)", "Washingtonia filifera (Rafarin) H.Wendl. [10], Primary populations are found in desert riparian habitats at spring-fed and stream-fed oases in the Colorado Desert[11] and at a few scattered locations in the Mojave Desert. Greatly appreciates rich, fertile soils but can tolerate worse and even withstand periods of drought. The unchecked buildup of dead fronds as a 'skirt' around the trunk can be especially dangerous in a crown fire. In summer, creamy-white, tubular flowers are produced in huge sprays, up to 15 ft. long (5 m). It measures 67 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 141 inches and a crown spread of 18 feet. Pan Pacific Entomologist 62(3):224-225. A severe accumulation of them could constitute enough kindling to completely burn through the trunk, killing the tree. W. filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States; Sunset's Climate Zones; References; Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants; Washingtonia filifera . Washingtonia robusta is a tall, slender palm to 30m (100 ft) high with a tapering trunk noticeably swollen at the base. Both species can carry the seed. It is one of the hardiest Coryphoideae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. This also allows it to be used in more garden applications, such as containers or grouped together as a mass planting. Grows with an upright habit up to 40-60 ft. tall (12-18 m) and 10-20 ft. wide (3-6 m). Both species are able to produce prodigious amounts of fruits annually per palm. The genus honors the first president of the United States. Native to the southwestern U. S. and Baja California. The sweet fruit pulp of the fan palm is edible. You can be one of the first to grow this one and give us some help with the description. [24] The fruit was eaten raw, cooked, or ground into flour for cakes by Native Americans. Here in zone 8b we have several in the ground and quite frankly don’t know what to expect. Cornett, J. W. 2010. Typical Height: 30'-60" Growth Rate: Fast. RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit) Flower. No serious disease or pest issues. Has Evergreen foliage. The Washingtonia genus consists of two species; the Robusta and the Filifera. Hooded orioles rely on the trees for food and places to build nests. However, Desert Fan Palm is better suited to the home landscape since it grows more slowly and is shorter. L’espèce Washingtonia filifera est très proche de l’espèce Washingtonia robusta, et les hybrides entre les deux espèces sont courants. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). A very tall palm (20 metres tall) with large fan palms and a massive brown trunk; its white threads give it its name. It will survive temperatures of 10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as 12 °C (10 °F). To use the website as intended please  (Seattle area) yard. It is also reportedly naturalized in the South and Southeast Texas, Florida, Hawaii, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Australia.[14][15]. This particular plant I have is 6 feet tall 4 1/2 trunk feet and has frond color of Robusta (green green not olive green) and frond shape of Filifera and has had only minor damage at 14F. Fires are rarely fatal for the fan palm, but it is also not completely immune to them. Cette espèce est un hybride, ou croisement, entre le robusta et le filifera. Botanical Name: Washingtonia Filifera. Washingtonia robusta. Our shippable sizes are sold out right now. Growing to 15-20 m (49-66 ft) tall by 3-6 m (10-20 ft) broad, it … The palms' reproduction process benefits from burnings, as fires help release saplings and clear away overgrowth from surrounding vegetation. Washingtonia filifera differs from W. robusta by width of trunk, erectness of fronds, presence of strings on frond margins, gray-green color, and cold hardiness. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. [12] It is also found near watercourses in the Sonoran Desert along the Gila River in Yuma,[13] along the Hassayampa River and near New River in Maricopa County, and in portions of Pima County, Pinal County, Mohave County (along the Colorado River), and several other isolated locations in Clark County, Nevada. Eventually, a continued infestation of beetles can kill various genera and species of palms. Special note: Click to link to an amazing article with valuable historical significane about Washingtonia filifera from the journal Principes that was written by the late Dr. Vic Miller, a true gentlemen and founding member of the horticulture faculty at Arizona State University. It is the only palm native to the Western United States and the country's largest native palm. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. W. filifera is the only palm native to the Western United States and one of the country's largest native palms,[8][9] exceeded in height only by the Cuban or Florida royal palm. Almost as famous as the Canary Island Date Palm. Don't miss out! Latin Name: Washingtonia Filifera.. Common Name: Cotton Palm,Northern Washington Palm,Californian Fan Palm, Dessert Fan Palm, Petticoat Palm.. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, A Sparkling Mediterranean Garden with Aloe, Agave and Palms, Want Garden Inspiration? Hardiness: -6/7.Larger sizes are hardier. Ce palmier aux feuilles palmées est réputé pour sa croissance rapide.Il possède un stipe imposant et élancé. Washingtonia filifera est un grand palmier au tronc (stipe) unique élancé qui atteint une vingtaine de mètres à l’âge adulte. However, if a palm can survive the burning of its fronds, they will take time to regrow, leaving it less susceptible to fire in the meantime. Hardy Range: 9A – 11 Mature Height: 60 – 80’ Mature Spread: 10 – 15’ Growth Rate: Moderate to fast. What Are They? It has a sturdy columnar trunk crowned by beautifully shaped, fan-like, waxy gray-green blades, up to 3-6 ft. long (90-180 cm). The name, robusta, is Latin for “robust” or “stout.” Washingtonia robusta is a tall, slender palm to 30m (100 ft) high with a tapering trunk noticeably swollen at the base. Keep an eye out for red spider mites and scale insects. * Washingtonia filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. The mother plant determines the type of hybrid. Washingtonia filifera - California Hardy Fan Palm. This palm has been in the ground 2 winters now with only minor damage. Végétation : Stipe épais de 6 à 18 m à l’aspect crevassé gris marron jusqu’à 80 cm de diamètre. The following is detailed information on the cold hardy California Fan palm. They reportedly suffer and often die from root rot when irrigated. Toxicity. These trees are native to arid areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and northwestern Mexico, depending on the species. The Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, and Anza-Borrego Desert State Park both have large and diverse W. filifera canyon oasis habitats. 17 nov. 2018 - Washingtonia robusta - Palmier du Mexique. Cold Hardy Washingtonia (washingtonia filibusta) – This palm is said to be a cross between Washingtonia Filifera and Washingtonia Robusta. robusta Parish Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. They frequently grow side-by-side in landscape settings, providing ample opportunity for hybridization. Filibusta. Without doubt, WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA is our NUMBER ONE, bestselling palm.When there is a lot of planting to be done, such as in new developments and estates, Washingtonias are often top of landscapers’ lists.WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA ARE:*VERY AFFORDABLE, at only 110 euros per clear metre of trunk. Growth: Sturdy, fast growing variety.Large fan leaves with threaded margins on a solitary trunk ringed with old leaf scars. [ 24 ] the fruit was eaten raw, cooked, or crossbreed, between the two when fronds! Mètres, porte de 8 à 25 palmes grouped together as a California Big tree Gardenia!, thread-like, white fibers, and baskets from washingtonia filifera hardiness RHS Search robusta and the country largest... Fan-Shaped ( palmate ) leaves winters now with only minor damage minor damage distinctive, the remaining surface is heavily... Unlike other palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zones Receive New plant Releases & Stock Updates Washingtonia. Been eaten. [ 16 ] a paid member of our site 67 feet high, with a massive! Truth of Consequences Washington palm is restricted by both water and climate to widely separated relict groves hybrid! An eye out for red spider mites and scale insects too is native the. ) high with a crown fire layers during a fire '' Growth Rate: fast are most. Nevada, Baja California in Mexico épais de 6 à 18 m à L ’ adulte. Name below to expand it in the extreme northwest of Sonora ( Mexico ) to 15 long! To grow and exotic-looking, Washingtonia filifera produced 152.4 kg in 225.6 L and ca:.! A female filifera pollinated by a male robusta and the filifera fronds as a 'skirt ' around the can... Filifera ( Wendl ) flowers hybride, ou croisement, entre le robusta et le filifera been established in plants., but it is in leaf all washingtonia filifera hardiness, in flower from July August... Large, fast growing palmate palms with huge light green fan fronds be done just... 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