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russian thistle scientific name

A severe drought in the 1930’s in Canada led farmers to use young tumbleweeds as hay and silage for livestock. Both Russian thistle and kochia can also be controlled by grazing animals on the plants if they are young. It has become pervasive as an exotic weed species throughout California and the western United States. As the consequence, it is also known that Russian thistle has benefit to treat smallpox. Tumbleweed is a manybranched, annual herb growing to 2 to 6 feet tall. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); DesertUSA Newsletter -- We send articles on hiking, camping and places to explore, as well as animals, wildflower reports, plant information and much more. The more common name for tumbleweeds is Russian thistle. Russian thistle is a large and bushy annual broadleaf plant that is common in the Mojave Desert. Tumbleweeds were first reported in the United States around 1877 in Bon Homme County, South Dakota, apparently transported in flax seed imported by Ukrainian farmers. Below is a list of all the weeds in our database, sorted by scientific name. When moisture falls, the plant is ready to uncoil and germinate. Several herbicides are available that can … Desert Geological Terms, Home  | About | Contact Us | Feedback | Privacy | Site Outline | Advertising on DesertUSA | Aquis Towels | Hotels, 7 Smartphone Apps to Improve Your Camping Experience. Fax: (951) 827-5104, Department of Entomology Scientific names for tumbleweed include Salsola kali, S. pestifer, S. australis, S. iberica, and S. tragus. How Russian Thistle is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. List of various diseases cured by Russian Thistle. The North American Deserts Foliage Leaves are … Salsola tragus. Young plants have dark green fleshy leaves that become stiff, shortened, and form a point. Common name(s): Siberian elm, Asiatic elm, Chinese elm, dwarf elm Scientific name: Ulmus pumila Family: Elm family (Ulmaceae) Reasons for concern: Large, dangerous limbs on older trees can easily break off and seriously damage properties or injure people.It is susceptible to many diseases (not Dutch-elm disease), insects, and growth disorders. Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae. Leaves are clustered, linear to thread-like, and terminate in a spike. Russian Thistle Facts •Scientific name - Salsola kali, Salsola australis, Salsola iberica, Salsola tragus •Native to Russia and western Siberia •Arrived in U.S. in 1873 in South Dakota •Found on disturbed sites •Bushy summer annual •Woody at maturity Russian thistle alludes to its Eurasian origin. Russian thistle is a prolific seed producer. Its efficient taproot, abundant seed production and reduced leaf surface adapt this weed well to disturbed semiarid agricultural environments, rangeland and nonagricultural areas such as vacant resident lots and railroad or highway rights-of-way. Riverside, CA 92521, CNAS Dean's Office Browse by Scientific Name. Abutilon theophrasti - velvetleaf; Acroptilon repens - Russian knapweed; Aegilops cylindrica - jointed goatgrass, jointgrass; Aegilops triuncialis - barb … It then quickly sends up two needle-like leaves and begins to shoot skyward. Sal-SO-la TRAY-gus. It is also known as tumbleweed or windwitch. Names of Russian Thistle in various languages of the world are also given. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Russian thistle tumbleweeds present a serious fire hazard. Although prickly like a thistle, Prickly Russian Thistle is not a true thistle. Kochia is found in all western states except Alaska. Kali tragus, formerly called Salsola tragus or Salsola kali subsp. Plants branch profusely, forming dense clumps, several feet high and wide. Special Characteristics. Hence, you can consult the doctor before using this plant to prevent any risks for sure. Russian thistle is the primary host for the beet leafhopper (Circulifera tenellus) that carries the "curly-top virus" of sugar beets, tomatoes, squashes, melons and cucumbers. Scientific Name. The California Department of Food and Agriculture and the University of California Exotic Pests and Diseases Research Program has supported foreign exploration by USDA and UC entomologists in recent years, and natural enemies have been studied at the USDA European Biological Control Laboratory in southern France. The similar Barbwire Russian Thistle (Salsola paulsenii) is not found in the southeastern part of Arizona, while Russian Thistle (Salsola kali) is not found in Arizona. Like many invasive weeds, Russian thistle exploited the destruction of native ecosystems. Seedlings have very finely dissected leaves that almost look like pine needles. Derivation of the botanical name: Salsola, Latin salsus, salty. Dried ones tumble across desert landscapes, driven by the wind, a recurrent display of desolation in the American Southwest. © 2020 Regents of the University of California. Non-Native. At maturity, the plant is stiff, prickly, round and bushy. A specialized layer of cells in the stem facilitates the easy break between plant and root, and the journey begins anew. Wildflower. Prickles can also occur all over the plant – on the stem and on the flat parts of the leaves. Range Non Native Invasive Species California - where? Russian thistle is a bushy summer annual with numerous slender ascending stems that become quite woody at maturity. As it rolls down a desert road, Russian thistle plants do what they do best, disperse seeds, which typically number 250,000 per plant. Russian thistle originated in Russia and was brought to the U.S. in the late 1800’s as a contaminant of North Dakota flax seed. Mice, bighorn sheep and pronghorn eat the tender shoots. Phytopathogens may also offer promise and should be investigated as possible biological control agents. Appearance Salsola tragus is an annual herb that can grow to 4 ft. (1.2 m) tall. Russian Thistle Scientific Name: Salsola kali (also Salsola tragus and Salsola iberica) Russian thistle is least noticed when it is young - slender, green and soft - and most noticed when it's … The stems have distinctive dark purplish striations (parallel to the stem) when the plant is young and growing. The use of this herbal treatment has been used since many years ago. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Most people, however, would fail to recognize the seedling and juvenile plant’s bright green, succulent, grass-like shoots, which are usually red or purple striped. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Russian Thistle. It is likely that alkaline plants grow there. While the economic impact to the state of California has not been well documented, costs include clean-up of public roadways and thoroughfares, loss of seed crops due to contamination by thistle seed and illness or even death of foraging livestock, and degradation of California's valuable and highly diverse wilderness areas. Riverside, CA 92521. By autumn the plant has reached maximum size, flowered and begun to dry out. ), The Desert Environment It was introduced into the United States in the mid 1870s, possibly as a contaminant in flax seed. Plant Type. College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences. Salsola tragus is the most widespread of eight species of this non-native genus to have become established in the US, after being introduced in the 1870s. Plant Family. The seeds require only … Stems vary from 8 to 36 inches in length and usually have reddish to purplish stripes. Inconspicuous green flowers grow at axils (where leaf branches off of stem) of the upper leaves, each one accompanied by a pair of spiny bracts. (It's Free. Description. Mites, moths, and beetles that exhibit sufficient host specificity may potentially be effective natural enemies of this weed. When farmers removed prairie grasses, they created a perfect environment, smooth and flat, for a plant that could roll across the landscape dispersing seeds. Virtually everyone recognizes a mature Russian thistle, which looks like the skeleton of a normal shrub. Common Name(s): Russian Thistle, Tumbleweed, Thistle,Russian: Scientific Name: Salsola iberica: Family: Chenopodiaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Warm The peregrinating (highly traveled) plant also grows abundantly in Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Egypt, Greece, Hawaii, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, South Africa and Turkey. Photo tips: Most digital point-and-shoot cameras have a macro function - usually symbolized by the icon of a little flower. "Tumbleweed," "Russian thistle" and "wind witch" are common names for this symbol of the American west. Russian Thistle, Salsola australis The Situation: Russian thistle, commonly known as tumbleweed, is a profusely branched annual herb. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Treats Wasp Stings. You may also view the list sorted by common name. Distribution: Russian thistle is a summer annual native to southeastern Russia and western Siberia and was originally introduced into the United States as a contaminant of flax seed in South Dakota in 1873. Russian thistles or tumbleweed of the genus Salsola are annual weeds, mostly native to Europe and Asia, but introduced globally. Russian thistle alludes to its Eurasian origin. Or getting up close and personal with a bug. Echinops exaltatus, also known as Russian globe thistle, is a globe thistle native to Eurasia and an invasive species in Eastern Canada and Northern United States. Typical Bloom (varies by elevation) July. Instead, each seed is a coiled, embryonic plant wrapped in a thin membrane. The Latin or “scientific” name for most or all of the tumbleweeds occurring in the Antelope Valley is Salsola tragus or Salsola kali. Kochia (Kochia scoparia L.) and Russian thistle (Salsola tragus L.) are troublesome annual weeds of rangelands, pastures, fields, disturbed areas, gardens, roadsides, ditchbanks, and small acreages. Russian thistle contains a source of nutrients and essential minerals. Other Names: Prickly Russian-thistle, Russian-thistle, Salsola australis, Salsola kali [misapplied], Salsola pestifer, Salsola iberica Both species are non-native to the United States. Annual. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. The plant has several common names including Common saltwort, Prickly Russian thistle, Prickly saltwort, Russian thistle, saltwort, Russian tumbleweed, prickly glasswort, roly-poly, spiny saltwort and Soft roly-poly. Allergenic – The pollen is an allergen. Habits/Habitats Within two decades the plant had tumbled into a dozen states, and by 1900, tumbleweed had reached the Pacific Coast. tragus: a common weed of disturbed habitats, commonly known as … The mature plants break off at ground level, creating spiny, brittle, windblown tumbleweeds that fill drainage canals, catchments and swimming pools, and pile up against fences and dwellings, becoming eyesores, fire hazards, and foci for the accumulation of other windblown debris. The spine-tipped leaves are oval. The Situation: Russian thistle, commonly known as tumbleweed, is a profusely branched annual herb. The .gov means it’s official. Plant Origin. It had been accidentally brought to the United States in a shipment of flaxseed. Green. Kochia, a native of Asia, was introduced from Europe. Color. Geology Building, Room 2258 Seeds are unusual in that they lack any protective coat or stored food reserves. Russian thistle (Salsola tragus) also referred to as tumbleweed is a summer annual belonging to the family Amaranthaceae.Stems of this plant vary in length from 8 to 36 inches, and are stripped with red or purple markings. Riverside, CA 92521 Care must be taken to supplement the diet of animals if these plants are the sole source of forage in the area or poisoning may result. Notes Photos courtesy of UC IPM and Jack Kelly Clark, Mark Hoddle, Extension Specialist and Director of Center for Invasive Species Researchmark.hoddle@ucr.edu Personal Website, 900 University Ave. Additional insect enemies from the weed's native central Asia should also be introduced and evaluated. Leaves of young plants are fleshy, dark green, narrow, and about 1 inch in length. Salsola infests many tens … The Sons of Pioneers made the song Tumbling Tumbleweeds popular in the 1940’s. A pith-boring moth and a case-bearing moth have been established as biocontrol agents in California, but are ineffective. 900 University Ave. Although tumbleweed is native to the arid steppes of the Ural Mountains in Russia, it is now ubiquitous throughout the western states, growing in disturbed soils such as agricultural fields, irrigation canals and roadside shoulders and ditches. To survive winter without a warm coat, the plant does not germinate until warm weather arrives. kali, from the Arabic al qaly, from Kali, an area of Saudi Arabia called the Rub al-Kali or Rub al-Khali, the "Empty Quarter." More on desert photography. Research: Russian thistle is an exotic weed species and is a good candidate for biological control. Of this weed appearance Salsola tragus or Salsola kali subsp of the leaves list of the. Although prickly like a thistle 's flowerheads eaten by herbivores 8500 feet specificity may potentially be effective enemies... 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