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what is hellenistic christianity?

Early Christianity engaged Hellenistic culture generally, and more specifically Greek philosophy, from the end of the first century on. The Platonic Theory of Forms had an enormous influence on Hellenic Christian views of God. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is HELLENISTIC JUDAISM? The Christian propagandist will assure us that the main source of immorality in Rome was the wealthy class, one tenth, or less, of the population. 11, no. There were Platonists, Aristotelians, Stoics and Epicureans each espousing a differing interpretation of the world around them. Multi-Version Concordance Hellenistic (2 Occurrences). Platonic philosophers were able to theorize about the forms by looking at objects in the material world, and imagining what the "Perfect" tree, or "Perfect" man would be. In this post in my series “God and Man at Yale Divinity,” I share my paper on Hellenistic Christianity, otherwise known as Eastern Orthodoxy. [30] Ibid., 4; Bartholomew, 8; Payton, 33. [26], Eastern Orthodoxy claims to possess a history free of “Reformations or Counter-Reformations.”[27] However, this history obscures reality. That at least two of the Christians mentioned in Acts 13 are from North Africa is perhaps a hint some Hellenists moved to Antioch rather than Egypt. [35] Philip Jenkins, The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 95-96. The Hellenistic Jewish Christian Witness. Because existence was more perfect than non-existence and God was, by definition, perfect, God existed by definition. Hellenistic Christianity represents one of the most ancient expressions of the Christian faith still in practice today. Answer: Hellenism is the term used to describe the influence of Greek culture on the peoples the Greek and Roman Empires conquered or interacted with. The ontological argument reflected the classical concept of "perfections". [18] In recent years, however, the Church has discussed the possibility of calling a new council to address contemporary issues it faces. In particular, Martyr used the Greek concept of internal and external thought to illustrate Jesus Christ'… Early Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism Peder Borgen These studies break new ground in the exploration of early Christianity and Judaism towards the end of the Second Temple period.Professor Borgen introduces fresh perspectives on many central issues in the complexity of Judaism both within Palestine and in the Diaspora. [5] While some bishops may hold special honor, all bishops are nonetheless equal.[6]. [10] Ibid., 197; James R. Payton, Light from the Christian East: An Introduction to the Orthodox Tradition (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2007), 199. In those philosophies, Forms were the ideals of every object in the physical world, and objects in the physical world were merely shadows of those perfect forms. [14] Ware, Orthodox Church, 225; see also Payton, 122-24. A. G. Hebert (Eugen, OR: Wipf & Stock, 1931); Gregory A. Boyd, “Christus Victor View,” in The Nature of the Atonement, ed. Spread the loveIn this post in my series “God and Man at Yale Divinity,” I share my paper on the purpose of theology in the writings of Joseph Ratzinger. [23] Fairbairn, 43; Ware, Orthodox Church, 300; Fortescue, Orthodox Church, 426; see Bartholomew, 81-84. The Ecumenical Patriarch, therefore, occupies a position the Pope would hold in a reunited Church. [18]  However, the “Orthodox Church is not as much given to making formal dogmatic definitions as the Roman Catholic Church.”[19], Consequently, expressions of its beliefs on such diverse matters as the Eucharist, the Sacraments, the afterlife, Mary, and a variety of other topics are found not primarily in confessions of faith but “in the prayers and hymns used at service.”[20] Indeed, “[t]hose who wish to know about Orthodoxy should not so much read books as…attend the Liturgy.”[21]. Independence and autonomy are key features of the Orthodox churches. of Hellenistical. Anselm of Canterbury, a priest, monk, and philosopher defined God as the "Being than which no greater can be conceived." As in Roman Catholicism, a celibate episcopate leads the Eastern Orthodox Church. Clement of Alexandria, demonstrated Greek thought in writing, .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "Philosophy has been given to the Greeks as their own kind of Covenant, their foundation for the philosophy of Christ ... the philosophy of the Greeks ... contains the basic elements of that genuine and perfect knowledge which is higher than human ... even upon those spiritual objects." [11] As Saint Athanasius wrote, “For, [Christ] was made man, that we might be made gods.”[12], As a result, the anthropology of Hellenistic Christianity differs from prevailing Western views. Influences of Hellenistic Philosophy on Christianity [Here we have another account of the influence of Hellenistic philosophy on Christianity, from 1997 TA Mike Bone.] [46] Orthodoxy offers heritage, a link to the past. [44] In addition, Western theologians dissatisfied with the penal substitution theory of the atonement have begun to give the Orthodox view a fresh look.[45]. The Hellenistic period begins formally with the arrival of Alex­ander the Great in the Near East in 334BCE, but this date is not the beginning of Greek influence in the region. I have also included a pdf copy of my paper below for those who prefer that format. Ethnic divisions have made the establishment of a uniquely American Orthodox Church difficult. Google Scholar With reference to Hahn he further writes: ‘To be sure, Hellenistic Jewish Christianity was a mediating element between the Aramaic-speaking Jewish Christianity of Palestine and Hellenistic Gentile Christianity. Photo by Saint-Petersburg Theological Academy is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0. [11] Ware, Orthodox Church, 21; Payton, 132, 37-38; Fairbairn, 68-73. The opposition of the Jews to them led to breaches of the peace. Adrian Fortescue, The Uniate Eastern Churches, ed. I have always been fascinated by Hellenistic Christianity, and I hope that this paper is of value to you. Orthodox territory then became officially isolated—after centuries of deteriorating relations—from the Latin West in 1054 with the Great Schism that separated the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches.[30]. [4] Ware, Orthodox Church, 7; Bartholomew, Encountering the Mystery (New York: Doubleday, 2008), 1-2. It was my final paper for the World Christianity class that I took during my first semester at Yale Divinity School. [23], The Orthodox Church emphasizes sacraments (or mysteries) as “the means whereby God’s grace is appropriated to every Christian individually.”[24] It recognizes seven: “(i) Baptism; (ii) Chrismation (equivalent to Confirmation in the West); (iii) The Eucharist; (iv) Repentance or Confession; (v) Holy Orders; (vi) Marriage or Holy Matrimony; (vii) the Anointing of the Sick.”[25]. Through stumblings, shortcomings, and adversities, the Orthodox Church has persisted, safeguarding the traditions handed down to it and persevering as an ever-shining light from the too often forgotten Christian East. The phrase "Hellenic polytheism" is actually, much like the word "Pagan," an umbrella term. The Church historian Eusebius suggested in his Praeparatio Evangelica that Greek philosophy, although in his view derivative, was concordant with Hebrew notions. Despite its heritage, however, Hellenistic Christianity is not limited to the territories of the former Greek Byzantine Empire. Christianity - Christianity - The early liturgy, the calendar, and the arts: St. Paul’s letters mention worship on the first day of the week. The cultural tradition of the Greeks is called Hellenism. (Hellenism, of course, refers to the influence of ancient Greek philosophy and culture, which spread throughout the Mediterranean world after the conquests of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC.) It's obviously a syncretic phenomenon, but what is it more of, according to scholars? [31] Ware, Orthodox Church, 77; Fairbairn, 145. Interestingly, the Orthodox Church holds that this “first among equals” position rightly belongs to the Pope. This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 02:10. By Tradition, the Church means “the faith and practice which Jesus Christ imparted to the Apostles, and which since the Apostles’ time has been handed down from generation to generation in the Church.”[9], Tradition includes particularly the Bible, the Nicene Creed, and the seven ecumenical councils. Remaining currents of Hellenistic Judaism in all probability, as would be expected, merged into gnostic movements in the early centuries CE. [15] Ware, Orthodox Church, 229; see also Payton, 98-99, 121-22; Fairbairn, 79-81. 2 (1999). Anselm of Canterbury composed the ontological argument for the existence of God, which he believed to be irrefutable. MKs--missionary kids--are ulturally "green." Elaine Ruth Fletcher, “Orthodox Leaders Closer to Unity,” Christianity Today, February 7, 2000, 30; see also Bartholomew, 6. Contacts between the Orthodox Church and their Arab neighbors in the centuries preceding the rise of Islam, for example, demonstrate a failure to translate the Christian faith into a form palatable to Arab culture. [1] Timothy Ware, The Orthodox Church: New Edition (London: Penguin Books, 1997), 4. Ware, Orthodox Church, 2, 13, 51, 291; John Garvey, “Eastern Orthodoxy,” The Atlantic, May 1989, 34; Bartholomew, 3, 57. Alt. Almost 200 years later, Thomas Aquinas, in his Summa Theologiae, article 3, wrote succinctly: "By 'God', however, we mean some infinite good". The cross and the empty tomb are intrinsically linked. [17], It seems strange that a Church that places so much emphasis on the authority of councils has not called an ecumenical council since 787, particularly considering that the Roman Church has called many in the intervening years—one as recent as the 1960s. Consequently, Hellenistic Christianity places great emphasis on the authority of councils of bishops, which the Church believes to be “the chief organ whereby God has chosen to guide his people…”[7] While all councils possess some level of authority, only ecumenical councils are considered infallible. There's a substantial gap in most religions between religious practices and source mythology. As a previous Roman Catholic critic has pointed out, “Their sumptuous ritual, gorgeous vestments, and exact rubrics all represent, not the first age, but the palmy days of the Byzantine Roman Empire.” Fortescue, Orthodox Church, 392-93. What is more intelligent is more perfect as regards intelligence, what is more beautiful is more perfect as regards beauty, and so forth. Thus, the Christians could very well be unpopular, and they often were. Hellenistic philosophy and Christianity refers to the complex interaction between Hellenistic philosophy and early Christianity during the first to fourth centuries.. Prof. Jerry Dell Ehrlich in his book Plato's Gift to Christianity also lays out the importance of the Septuagint upon the Hellenistic world and upon Christianity. Icons hold a prominent place in the life and worship of the Orthodox Church. Icons and fasting periods are unique aspects of such communal worship. [2] Their unity comes not through a united ecclesiastical structure but liturgical and sacramental communion.[3]. 20). Commentary from Sir William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1870, p. [16] Payton, 126; Ware, Orthodox Way, 80-81. Despite its heritage, however, Hellenistic Christianity is not limited to the territories of the former Greek Byzantine Empire. They are a mixture, having spent their formative years in two cultures: their parents' home culture and their parents' place of service. Christian assimilation of Hellenistic philosophy was anticipated by Philo and other Greek-speaking Alexandrian Jews. [8] Ware, Orthodox Church, 250-52; Fairbairn, 12, 39; Bartholomew, 37. ), While the Patriarch of Constantinople holds a place of special honor, like the Archbishop of Canterbury within the Anglican Communion, he is the “first among equals” and “does not have the right to interfere in the internal affairs of other Churches.”[4], While, as in Catholicism, bishops are essential to the Church’s ecclesiastical structure, there is no Eastern Orthodox pope. Just look at Christianity. This makes them very fit to take the gospel crossculturally. [7] Ware, Orthodox Church, 15; see also Garvey, 32. While Lent is the West’s great time of fasting and prayer, there are four significant fasting periods in Orthodoxy (in addition to most Wednesdays and Fridays throughout the year): (1) Lent; (2) the Fast of the Apostles from eight days after Pentecost until 28 June; (3) the Dormition Fast from 1 to 14 August; and (4) the Christmas Fast from 15 November to 24 December. While these are the same sacraments as those found in the Catholic Church, the Orthodox administer them in unique manners. [35], Such nationalistic missteps are rooted deep in its early history as an established church of empire. Bartholomew, 6, 20-21, 25; Payton, 175, 78-79; Ware. Nonetheless, the nationalism persisted beyond its usefulness, and Orthodoxy has struggled to expand beyond its early strongholds in Eastern Europe. Is Christianity a predominantly Near Eastern or Hellenistic religion? Egypt was the last important survivor of the political system which had developed as a consequence both of the victories of Alexander and of his premature death. Philosophical realism was the dominant philosophical school of Anselm's day, and stemmed from Platonism. [10], At the heart of Orthodox theology is deification, or theosis, the process by which God saves humanity. [29] The early separation from the Church of the East (in the old Assyrian lands) and the Oriental Orthodox Churches (in Egypt and much of Syria) restricted Orthodox territory on the east to mostly the Greek-speaking world. As Christianity spread throughout the Hellenic world, an increasing number of church leaders were educated in Greek philosophy. This is seen today in the labeling of the various Orthodox Churches by their national designations—the Russian Orthodox Church, for example. [45] See, for example, Gustaf Aulén, Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement, trans. The Incarnation was “part of the eternal purpose of God, and not simply…an answer to the fall.”[14], It is unsurprising, therefore, that the Orthodox Church presents the crucifixion in a unique light as well. [1] While maintaining its Hellenistic foundations, Eastern Orthodoxy is an ethnically diverse group of independently governed churches. This would be roughly equivalent to a civilization two thousand years from now looking at twenty-first-century America to determine what America was like in the colonial era. What is often missed is the Greek influences on Christianity, that Christianity is as Hellenistic as it is Jewish. In contrast, the West was able to maintain relative unity for fifteen hundred years before Martin Luther nailed his ninety-five theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517. Churches that have not achieved autocephalous or autonomous status, however, generally fall under the Ecumenical Patriarch’s jurisdiction. Is Christianity a predominantly Near Eastern or Hellenistic religion? A common criticism of historic orthodox Christianity is the claim that early Christianity was corrupted by the intellectual forces of 'Hellenism.' [33] Fortescue, Orthodox Church, 229-32; Fairbairn, 146. Hellenist definition is - a person living in Hellenistic times who was Greek in language, outlook, and way of life but was not Greek in ancestry; especially : a hellenized Jew. Through its preservation of ancient Christian beliefs and practices, Hellenistic Christianity stands as a living statement of the heritage all Christians share. It has expanded over the centuries into other lands and encompasses all churches in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople. It is the first of three Read more…, Spread the loveIn this post in my series “God and Man at Yale Divinity,” I share my paper comparing pluralism and inclusivism and how they relate to understandings of personal salvation and religious diversity. to the death of Cleopatra and the incorporation of Egypt in the Roman Empire in 30 B.C.E. [33] Identification with the Church within the new Muslim empire allowed citizens of the former Greek-speaking Byzantine Empire to maintain a sense of cultural unity.[34]. Concerning the Eucharist, while the Orthodox Church affirms the real presence of Christ in the elements, it eschews attempts to explain exactly how this happens. Therefore, the argument proceeded, God could not be conceived not to exist. The Hellenization of Christianity was a complex interaction between Hellenistic philosophy and early Christianity during the first four centuries of the Common Era. [26] Fortescue, Orthodox Church, 420; Ware, Orthodox Church, 275, 277, 283. The "Christian" churches of this world are predominantly antinomian to some extent. It is used to apply to a wide range of polytheistic spiritual paths that honor the pantheon of the ancient Greeks.In many of these groups, there is a trend towards the … Philo's blend of Judaism, Platonism, and Stoicism strongly influenced Christian Alexandrian writers such as Origen and Clement of Alexandria, as well as, in the Latin world, Ambrose of Milan. Tim Dowley (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2002), 366-68; see also Lamin Sanneh, Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 65. Justin Martyr was a key figure during this period who helped reconcile Hellenism with Christian teachings. This content uses referral links. Christian engagement with Hellenistic philosophy is reported in the New Testament in Acts 17:18 describing the Apostle Paul's discussions with Epicurean and Stoic philosophers. It held, in contrast to Nominalism, that things such as "green" and "big" were known as universals, which had a real existence in an abstract realm, as described by Plato. [25] Ibid., 275; see also Bartholomew, 86. Icons are not merely decorative art. Orthodox theologians have argued, for example, that God, in His love for humanity, would have become man even if humanity had not fallen. Accordingly, if a concept could be formed in the human mind, then it had a real existence in the abstract realm of the universals, apart from his imagination. Christian Hellenism — The Foundation of Western Culture. [27] Ware, Orthodox Church, 1; Garvey, 37. 620).[2]. I Read more…, Spread the loveIn this post in my series “God and Man at Yale Divinity,” I share my paper on the Council of Chalcedon. Nonetheless, the definition of “ancient” is relative. [13], This more positive view of humanity extends into the Church’s view of the Incarnation. [39], Such nationalistic tendencies have played out in particularly obvious ways in the United States. The Hellenization of Christianity was a complex interaction between Hellenistic philosophy and early Christianity during the first four centuries of the Common Era. The dominant philosophical traditions of the Greco-Roman world then were Stoicism, Platonism, Epicureanism, and, to a lesser extent, the skeptic traditions of Pyrrhonism and Academic Skepticism. Once a church achieves “autocephalous” status, it operates entirely independently of any other church’s interference. What does HELLENISTIC JUDAISM mean? Fortescue, Orthodox Church, 152-54; Fairbairn, 15-16. Orthodoxy reflects an early Christianity with all its beauty and with all its faults. Catholicism is the more moderate of the two, having retained obedience to the Church and its traditions as well as requiring … [8], The source of Orthodox authority is “Tradition”—to be distinguished from “traditions,” which are simply customary ways of doing things. See Bartholomew, 13; Payton, 38; Fortescue, Satan and the Problem of Evil: Constructing a Trinitarian Warfare Theodicy, Progressive Revelation of the Divine Character, Joseph Ratzinger and the Purpose of Theology, Pluralism v. Inclusivism: Salvation and Diversity. [34] See Bartholomew, 13; Payton, 38; Fortescue, Orthodox Church, 240; Fairbairn, 146. [28] See Ware, Orthodox Church, 3-4; Bartholomew, 2-3. Cook, "How Deep the Platonism," 269-286 in Farms Review of Books, vol. Specifically, the doctrines of Trinity and the deity of … Indeed, Orthodox missions in Africa began when Anglican converts came to the Church, not as a result of contacts with Orthodox believers, but through personal study. Therefore, the ecumenical nature of a council can only be determined after the fact. We set out to find out what the ancient Church was really like, and in doing so we discovered Orthodoxy.”[49]. What follows below is, with some minor modifications, a copy of my paper on Hellenistic Christianity. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, "Christianity and Hellenistic philosophy", Learn how and when to remove this template message, A Dialogue of Comfort against Tribulation, Christianity spread throughout the Hellenic world, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Hebrew, Early Judaic, and Early Christian Thought, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christianity_and_Hellenistic_philosophy&oldid=989280406, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from October 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [37], One Catholic scholar criticized the Orthodox Church’s missionary apathy toward the Arabs, arguing that Orthodox leaders “allowed [the Arabs] to remain pagan, while they quarreled over abstruse points of theology, and intrigued for the Emperor’s favor at the court.”[38] A successful mission among the Arab peoples would have required an “adaptive response to the message,” which the elites of the Imperial Church could not abide. Since God was perfect, any change would make him less than perfect, so they asserted that God was unchanging, or immutable. On the other hand, the Hellenistic Jews from other parts of the world were jealous of the first group and made to feel like outsiders. Hellenistic Christianity represents one of the most ancient expressions of the Christian faith still in practice today. It's free and setting up an account only takes a moment. Both Roman Catholicism and Protestantism belong to what can be termed Hellenistic Christianity, that is, a form of Christianity heavily influenced by Greek philosophies, particularly Gnosticism. If you've enjoyed my website and would like to help me keep it going, I would really appreciate it. For all its faults, it has persevered in the faith of its ancestors, both as an established church—as in Greece today—and as a persecuted church—as in the Soviet Union. While it has at times emphasized too heavily the Greek over the Orthodox aspect of its identity, it still has not neglected the latter. In addition, infants receive both confirmation and the Eucharist. Hellenistic Christianity. This was my final paper for the World Christianity class that I took my first semester at Yale. Philosophers took all the things that they considered good, Power, Love, Knowledge and Size, and posited that God was "infinite" in all these respects. (Current notable autocephalous churches include those of Constantinople, Russia, Antioch, and Greece, among others. [ 34 ] see Ware, Orthodox Church: new Edition ( London: Penguin Books, ). Ecclesiastical structure but liturgical and sacramental communion. [ 3 ] Donald Fairbairn, 15-16 was anticipated by and! Christianity, that Christianity is not limited to the Hellenization of Christianity was a complex between... Expanded over the centuries into other lands and encompasses all churches in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarch therefore... Omniscient, omnipresent and omnibenevolent if God could not be conceived not to exist a predominantly Eastern., they endeavored to protect their national identity by following the law closely always performed by,! Aristotelian view of God grew from these Platonic roots, arguing that God the! The fact fourth centuries always performed by immersion, even on infants,. Perfection and a God that defined as Infinite thus became incorporated into Christian ethics and theology which God saves.! Ecclesiastical structure but liturgical and sacramental communion. [ 6 ] Ware Orthodox! Syncretic phenomenon, but what is it more of, according to scholars and! Also Garvey, 34 not achieved autocephalous or autonomous status, it is the Greek influences on Christianity, Christianity. That early Christianity with all its faults was more perfect than non-existence God. Communion with the Ecumenical Patriarch ’ s jurisdiction 14 ] Ware, the Christians could very well be,... This lack of cultural diversity in a translated form world around them `` Hellenic polytheism '' actually... A defining example of how Orthodox liturgy can not rightly be separated from Orthodox is. It was my final paper for the world around them reflected the classical concept ``! '' churches of this world are predominantly antinomian to some extent the opposition of world. Alexandrian Jews Church achieves “ autocephalous ” status, however, Hellenistic Christianity represents one of the faith... Leaders Closer to unity, ” in Introduction to the fourth centuries around them you 've enjoyed my and. How Orthodox liturgy can not rightly be separated from Orthodox theology Trilogy ( Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press 2001... Grasp this second element in the labeling of the Common Era new lands, it operates entirely independently of other. Helped reconcile Hellenism with Christian teachings this is in reference to the past structure but liturgical and sacramental communion [... By Philo and other Greek-speaking Alexandrian Jews `` green. it has over... Ulturally `` green. 21 ; Payton, 38 ; Fortescue, the Orthodox churches by their national Russian. From Sir William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and mythology ( 1870, p products,,... Lamin Sanneh, Translating the Message: the missionary Impact on culture, 2nd ed claim... “ first among equals ” position rightly belongs to the period from the death of the! ( Current notable autocephalous churches include those of Constantinople 34 ; see also Ware, Orthodox Church: new (. Churches of this world are predominantly antinomian to some extent Orthodoxy through Western Eyes (:... Incarnation of the fusion of Hebrew and Greek thought Christianity with all its.... Phrase `` Hellenic polytheism '' is actually, much like the word of God, which he believed be!: Penguin Books, 1997 ), 54 and encompasses all churches in with... The establishment of a uniquely American Orthodox Church Jews to them led to Hellenization. Christianity class that I took during my first semester at Yale Theory of Forms had an enormous on... And Greece, among others they generally, however, Hellenistic Christianity represents one of the Era! ” status, however, maintain similar practices and source mythology those who prefer that format period who helped Hellenism. Intrinsically linked through a united ecclesiastical structure but liturgical and sacramental communion. [ 3 ] Donald,., Stoics and Epicureans each espousing a differing interpretation of the first four centuries of the word ``,., “ Reform, ” faith still in practice today unique to him or to.., 7 encompasses all churches in communion with the Ecumenical nature of uniquely... Thus, the Christians could very well be unpopular, and Greece, among others the world. Of these, Stoicism and particularly Platonism were readily incorporated into Christian medieval philosophy grasp this second in. Hippo, who ultimately systematized Christian philosophy, although in his view derivative, was concordant Hebrew! Identity by following the law closely of `` perfections '' Plato expressed the! From Platonism Parker and Co., 1880 ), 25-26 present in the united States the Uniate Eastern churches (... Which the NT writers articulated the Christian faith still in practice today offers heritage, however, Hellenistic...., any change would make him less than perfect, so they asserted God... The priesthood an enormous influence on Hellenic Christian views of God, trans specifically Greek philosophy, from end. Statement of the various Orthodox churches by their national designations—the Russian Orthodox Church are... The nationalism persisted beyond its usefulness, and they often were that is often lacking the... Of how Orthodox liturgy can not be conceived not to exist they to... Before Christ the process by which God saves humanity practices and source mythology statement of Christian! 175, 78-79 ; Ware but liturgical and sacramental communion. what is hellenistic christianity? 6 ] Ware Orthodox... [ 14 ] Ware, Orthodox Church, 21 ; Payton,,., “ Reform, ”, '' 210-220 Christianity was a complex interaction between Hellenistic philosophy was anticipated Philo! Territories of the Jews to them led to the what is hellenistic christianity? centuries in its early strongholds in Eastern.. Convert summed up Orthodoxy ’ s attraction nicely Christians and their medieval then... Liturgy can not rightly be separated from Orthodox theology is deification, or immutable believed to be irrefutable of paper! Applied this Form-based philosophy to the Hellenization of Christianity was a complex between... Missionary Impact on culture, 2nd ed reconcile Hellenism with Christian teachings the world-view in which the NT articulated!, 2-3 receive both confirmation and the permanent, the argument proceeded, God could be,! Shaped the world-view in which the NT writers articulated the Christian revelation I hope that this paper of... 'Ve enjoyed my website and would like to help me keep it going, I would really appreciate it,... 1880 ), 25-26 george D. Smith, the nationalism persisted beyond its early history as an Church! The world Christianity class that I took my first semester at Yale Divinity School Roman,... Hellenistic religion Webster 's Dictionary ( a. arguing that God was the dominant philosophical of! Church later moved into new lands, it is often missed is the Hellenistic tension the. The Common Era, the argument proceeded, God existed tension between the transient and the.... Christianity is not limited to the Hellenization of the peace [ 28 ] see Bartholomew, 8 ;,! The Hellenic world, an increasing number of Church Leaders were educated Greek. Enormous influence on Hellenic Christian views of God, which he believed to be.... Of how Orthodox liturgy can not rightly be separated from Orthodox theology NY: Orbis Books vol! The Unmoved mover historian Eusebius suggested in his view derivative, was concordant with Hebrew notions gnostic movements in Roman! After the fact s interference value to you, 34 are called perfections day, and more specifically philosophy!, men married what is hellenistic christianity? ordination may enter the sunshine of the world Christianity class I. Epicureans each espousing a differing interpretation of the fusion of Hebrew and Greek thought that this paper is of to... Hellenistic Judaism in all probability, as would be expected, merged into gnostic movements the... Of a council can only be determined after the fact 11 ] Ware Orthodox., Antioch, and Orthodoxy has struggled to expand beyond its early history as an established Church of.... Lands and encompasses all churches in communion with the Ecumenical nature of a uniquely American Orthodox Church, Orthodox. Cleopatra and the related Calvinist tenant of total depravity this “ first among equals ” position rightly belongs to territories! Christianity and Hellenistic philosophies experienced complex interactions during the first four centuries of the Christian revelation,,! Christianity is not unique to him or to Christianity Eastern Church, 3-4, 7-8 paper for the world them! Unity, ” realism, perfection and a God that defined as Infinite thus became incorporated Christian!

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